- Publisher: Zed Books
- ISBN: 9781780324562
- Price: $37.95 CAD
- Publication Date: Dec 2015
- Rights: Canada
- Pages: 224
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Violence and Resilience in Latin American Cities
Edited by Kees Koonings, Dirk Kruijt
Why are Latin American cities amongst the most violent in the world? Over the past decades Latin America has not only become the most urbanized of the regions of the so-called ‘global South’, it has also been the scene of the urbanization of poverty and exclusion. Overall regional homicides rates are the highest in the world, a fact closely related to the spread and use of small firearms by male youths who are frequently involved in local and translocal forms of organized crime. In response, governments and law enforcements agencies have been facing increasing pressure to address violence through repressive strategies, which in turn has led to a number of consequences: law enforcement is often based on excessive violence and the victimization of entire marginal populations. Thus, the dynamics of violence have generated a widespread perception of insecurity and fear.
Featuring much original fieldwork across a broad array of case studies, this cutting edge volume focuses on questions not only of crime, insecurity and violence but also of Latin American cities’ ability to respond to these problems in creative and productive ways.
About the Contributors
1. Urban Fragility and Resilience in Latin America. Conceptual Approaches and Contemporary Patterns–Kees Koonings and Dirk Kruijt
2. Exclusion, Violence, and Resilience in Five Latin American Megacities: A Comparison of Buenos Aires, Lima, Mexico City, Rio de Janeiro, and São Paulo–Dirk Kruijt and Kees Koonings
3. Caracas: From Heaven’s Branch to Urban Hell–Roberto Briceño-León
4. Bogota: Countering Violence with Urban Government–Alan Gilbert
5. San Salvador: Violence and Resilience in Gangland: Coping with the Code of the Street–Wim Savenije and Chris van der Borgh
6. San José: Urban Expansion, Violence and Resilience–Abelardo Morales Gamboa
7. Kingston: Violence and Resilience–Rivke Jaffe
8. Santo Domingo: Criminogenic Violence and Resilience–Lilan Bobea
About the Authors
Kees Koonings is Associate Professor of Development Studies at the Faculty of Social Sciences of Utrecht University. He also is Professor of Brazilian Studies at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Amsterdam and attached to CEDLA. He has published on development issues, ethnicity, the military, democracy and violence in Latin America. He curently works on the armed conflict and peace proces in Colombia and on urban violence and pacification in Brazil.
Dirk Kruijt is Professor Emeritus of Development Studies at the Faculty of Social Sciences of Utrecht University. He has published on poverty and informality, military governments, guerrilla movements in Central America. and war and peace in Latin America. He currently works on history of the armed Left in Latin America.