Fantu Cheru received his Ph. D. in Political Economy from Portland State University. He is a socio-economist who specializes in rural development, small-scale enterprise environmental planning and resource management, urban and regional planning, participatory research methods, and institutional building and training. His latest publications include the Rise of China and India in Africa: opportunities, challenges and critical interventions (ed.) with Cyril Obi, 2010, Zed Books); Africa’s International Relations in the 21st Century, co-edited with Scarlett Cornelissen and generic viagra tadalafil Timothy M. Shaw (Palgrave/Macmillan, 2011).